A RETROSPECTIVE VIEWPOINT

In 2009 we shared BUN-CA’s achievements in the first five years toward detonating markets for energy efficiency.

On this occasion we are updating the results for the June 2009–July 2010 period, describing the achievements of the Regional Strategy for Energy Efficiency in the context of the implementation of the Regional Project for Energy Efficiency (PEER), which is funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) with co-financing acquired from other cooperation agencies committed to the sustainable development of markets for energy efficiency in the Central American region.

PEER poses two main objectives:

Development Objective:

  • Detonate markets for energy efficiency around the end use of electricity in the following technologies: Lighting, Electric Motors, Commercial Refrigeration and Air-conditioners.

Global Objective:

  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions from thermal power generation in the national interconnected systems of Central America.

PEER bases its work in four target countries: El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama; it also shares this knowledge platform with the other Central American countries: Honduras, Guatemala and Belize. To achieve these objectives, PEER quantifies its concrete results in three main project components:

Project Components

  1. POLICY COMPONENT

This component supports the creation of the legal and regulatory foundation for removing market barriers to the use of more efficient energy technologies in the industrial and commercial sectors.

1.1 Main Regional Activities in Policy

  • “Regional Meeting on Standardization of Efficient Electrical Equipment”, with the participation of policy authorities from El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. San José, Costa Rica. July 2006.

  • “Experience Exchanges on the Standardization of Energy Efficiency”, for Central American and Mexican standardization authorities, thanks to the south-south cooperation from Mexico’s Secretariat of Energy (SENER) and the National Commission for Efficient Energy Use (CONUEE). Mexico, D.F. July - September 2006.

  • “Experience Exchanges on the Standardization of Energy Efficiency”, per request of the Mesoamerican Energy Integration Program (PIEM) and Mexico’s Secretariat of Energy (SENER), with the National Commission for Efficient Energy Use (CONUEE). Mexico, D.F. July - October 2007.

  • “First Regional Meeting on Procedures for the Evaluation of Conformance”, with the participation of policy authorities from El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. San Salvador, El Salvador. June 2007.

  • Second Regional Meeting on the Evaluation of Conformance”, organized by CONACYT/BUN-CA, to strengthen National Certification Bodies with technical facilitation from the Government of Mexico through SENER and CONUEE. San Salvador, El Salvador. April 2008.

  • “Regional Workshop on Incentives to Opening Markets in Energy Efficiency”, held with co-financing from USAID/AEA/CCAD and technical support from the Econoler Internacional consulting firm.  San José, Costa Rica. October 2007.

  • “Regional Workshop on Standardization and Incentives to Energy Efficiency”, executed in Belize City with the participation of policy authorities from the energy sector of Central America. November 2007.

  • Participation in the Plenary Meeting of the Regional Committee for Energy Efficiency of the Pan-American Commission on Technical Standards (COPANT CT-152), by BUN-CA Operations Director and INTECO expert Alexandra Rodríguez, held in Río de Janeiro, Brazil.  September 2007.

  • Participation in the Plenary Meeting of the Regional Committee for Energy Efficiency of the Pan-American Commission on Technical Standards (COPANT CT-152), by two representatives from El Salvador (CONACYT) and Costa Rica (INTECO).  Lima, Peru. September 2008.

  • “Strengthening Procedures for the Evaluation of Conformance”, thanks to co-financing from CCAD/USAID, and support from the National Council on Science and Technology (CONACYT) of El Salvador. 2009-2010.

  • Working Breakfast discussion “Introduction to Procedures for the Evaluation of Conformance with Technical Standards”, held in San Salvador and Managua. February 2009.

  • Prepared the study “Tariff structure and incentives for energy efficiency in the Central American electricity sector”. BUN-CA. August 2009.

  • “Technical Meeting on Standardization of Electrical Equipment” at CONACYT, El Salvador. September 2009.

  • “Breakfast presentation on the achievements of PEER in Nicaragua”. February 2009.

Country
National Standardization Body
Panama
Costa Rica
Nicaragua
El Salvador
Honduras
Guatemala
  • Regional Event of the Council for the Harmonization of Electro-technical Standards of the Nations of America (CANENA). Costa Rica. March 2010.

Moreover, PEER achievements have been presented at many forums and events, such as:

  • International Symposium on Energy. SIP Panama. October 2008 & 2009.

  • Congress and Industrial Fair of the Salvadoran Industrialists Association (ASI), El Salvador, November 2008 and October 2009.

1.2 Country-level Activities on Policy

1.2.1 El Salvador

  • Signed a Cooperative Agreement with the National Council on Science and Technology (CONACYT) as the National Normalization Body (NNB).
    • Preparation of nine Obligatory Salvadoran Standards (OSS) for energy efficient electrical equipment, to date these are in various stages of being made official; and for compact fluorescent bulb technologies, alternating current electric motors, commercial refrigeration equipment, home refrigeration equipment, air-conditioners, tube fluorescent lamps, public lighting and monophasic motors.

  • Homologation of four regional standards in the context of the IDB/FOMIN/INTECO Program, i.e.:
    • Integrated compact fluorescent bulbs, alternating current motors, commercial refrigeration equipment and home refrigeration equipment.

  • Active participation on the Committee for Standardization: CTN-18 for Energy Efficiency in the 2006-2009 period.

1.2.2 Nicaragua

  • “National Workshop on Technical Standardization”, executed by BUN-CA/MIFIC with the participation of key actors in the public and private sectors. Nicaragua. November 2006.

  • Meeting with Social Organizations in Managua, sponsored by the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Nicaragua and BUN-CA, where 25 local actors of Nicaragua have been introduced to Energy Efficiency and Best Practices. Nicaragua. April 2008.

  • “Approaching Consumer Protection Organizations”, in the process for the Evaluation of Conformance, with co-financing from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Central American Commission for Environment and Development (CCAD). February 2009.

  • Active participation on the Committee for Standardization: two standards for compact fluorescent bulbs, one standard for squirrel-cage electric motors, and three standards for home refrigerator and freezer appliances, approved on January 25, 2009.

  • Participation in the preparation of the “First Draft of the Law for the Promotion of Energy Efficiency”. Nicaragua. April 2009.

  • Workshop “Presentation of the Obligatory Nicaraguan Technical Standards for Energy Efficiency to government authorities”. MEM/BUN-CA. November 2009.

  • Second Workshop “Presentation of the Obligatory Nicaraguan Technical Standards for Energy Efficiency to Commercial, Service, Industry and General Public Sectors”. MEM/BUN-CA. February 2010.

  • Third Workshop “Strengthening Procedures for the Evaluation of Conformance”. MEM/BUN-CA. April 2010.

  • Work Session “Strengthening of Procedures for the Evaluation of Conformance for the Obligatory Nicaraguan Technical Standards for Energy Efficiency in Nicaragua”. MEM/BUN-CA. April 2010.

  • Active participation on the Technical Committee for Standardization in the 2006-2009 period.

1.2.3 Costa Rica

  • Agreement with Costa Rica’s Institute for Technical Standards through an IDB/FOMIN initiative, for the preparation of 15 technical standards for efficient electrical equipment, compact fluorescent bulbs, air-conditioners, electric motors, commercial refrigeration and home refrigerators.

  • “National Workshop for the Presentation of Technical Standards”, executed by BUN-CA/INTECO with the participation of key actors in the public and private sectors, equipment providers and the financial sector, to introduce the standards for energy efficiency developed in San José, Costa Rica. July 2008.

  • Active participation on the Committee for Standardization: CTN-28 for Energy Efficiency in the 2006-2010 period.

1.2.4 Panama

  • First meeting on Energy Efficiency (EE) Standardization Alternatives, presenting the topics of standardization and labeling, and the importance of developing infrastructure for EE Laboratories, organized by the Sindicato de Industriales de Panamá and given by experts from CONUEE from Mexico, June 2008.

  • Second meeting on Energy Efficiency “Standardization Alternatives”, co-sponsored by the Sindicato de Industriales de Panamá, October, 2008.

  • Active participation on the National Committee for Standardization, to develop technical regulations for compact self-ballasted fluorescent bulbs in the 2006-2008 period.

  • Motivated and facilitated initiation of the preparation of technical standards for air-conditioners, through the Air-conditioner Producers Association (APAIRE) of Panama.

POLICY COMPONENT MAIN RESULTS

  • Table 1 shows the status of legislation for the region regarding the efficient use of electricity and the actions undertaken by PEER.

Table 1. Status of draft laws for regional level in C.A.

Country
Legislation
Action by PEER
Panama Draft of Law to promote sound and efficient energy use. Ongoing follow-up with COPE and with the National Secretariat for Energy since 2009.
Nicaragua Presidential Decree No. 2-2008. February 2008. Active participation in the discussion of the Draft Law proposed by MARENA.
Costa Rica Draft of reforms to Law 7447. Follow-up with DSE, the technical entity in charge.
El Salvador Legislative Decree No. 404 of August 30, 2007, concerning the Law for the Creation of the National Council for Energy (CNE) and Proposed Energy Policy presented by CNE to the Executive through the Minister of the Economy in 2008. Follow-up on activities of the National Council for Energy (CNE) and on the Energy Policy since 2005.
  • Prepared the “Energy Efficiency Policy Strategy for the Electrical Sector of Central America and the Dominican Republic” with the collaboration of CCAD/BUN-CA, approved by the Ministers of Energy in October 2006.

  • Prepared the document “Tariff Structure and Incentives to Energy Efficiency in the Electrical Sector in Central America” in the context of PEER, August 2009.

  • In the context of the Policy Component, Table 2 includes the general status of the Standards for Energy Efficiency at the regional level and achievements in the Evaluation of Conformance Process (ECP) to July 2010.

Table 2. Development at the country level of the national system for quality

  1. TRAINING COMPONENT

This Component strengthens institutional and individual capacity to support the development of the market for energy efficiency around the end use of electricity in the commercial and industrial sectors in the Central American region.

2.1 Regional Activities in Training

  • “1st Workshop to Train Trainers”. 34 professionals trained in the harmonization of concepts in energy efficiency, energy audits and standardization (23 instructors from the region, nine representatives of institutions and two BUN-CA representatives). Panama. March 2007.

  • “2nd Workshop to Train Trainers”. 30 professionals trained in energy savings in Lighting Systems (21 instructors from the region, three representatives of institutions and six BUN-CA representatives). Costa Rica. December 2007.

  • “3rd Workshop to Train Trainers”. 34 professionals trained in Energy Savings in Air-conditioner and Refrigeration Systems (16 instructors from the region, 13 representatives of institutions and five BUN-CA representatives). El Salvador. July 2008.

  • “Training for Engineering Firms”. Implemented the Training Program in four modules (Energy Assessments, Lighting, Electric Motors, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning and Business Plans), aimed at engineering firms and macro-consumer businesses of El Salvador and Costa Rica:
    • 24 participants in El Salvador 2007.
    • 23 participants in Costa Rica 2007.
    • 55 participants in Honduras 2008.

  • Training for Consultants and Technicians of SMEs, where a training program was validated for the topics of Best Practices in Energy Efficiency, air-conditioners, commercial refrigeration, lighting systems and electric motors in El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, 2006-2009.

  • Collaboration in Seminars on “Evaluation and Financing of Renewable Energy Projects in Central America and Panama”, in the context of the Program to Accelerate Investments in Renewable Energy in Central America and Panama: ARECA, in Costa Rica, Panama, Honduras and El Salvador, 2009.

  • Dissemination of the Manual on “Financing Energy Efficiency Projects in Central America” to 15 commercial banking financial entities of El Salvador, 17 entities of Nicaragua and 31 entities of Costa Rica, 2009.

2.2 Country-level Activities in Training

2.2.1 Guatemala

  • Access to financing and pre-investment for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency projects in Central America and Panama; aimed at Generating Associations and Project Developers. Guatemala. September 2009.

  • Evaluation and financing of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency projects in Central America and Panama; aimed at commercial banking and business executives of the BCIE. Guatemala. September 2009.

2.2.2 El Salvador

  • Strengthened capacities of consultants and technicians of SMEs:
    • 23 Eco-consultants have been trained on the topics of Energy Efficiency, Air-conditioning and Renewable Energy in El Salvador and Guatemala. May-June 2006.
    • Strengthened the technical staff of the Fund for Exportation (FOEX) on the topic of preparing energy assessments. June 2007.
    • 26 consultants, advisors of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs) and engineering firms strengthened their technical capacities in technologies for motors, refrigeration, lighting and air-conditioners, with the World Energy Council (WEC).  August 2007.
    • Ongoing technical assistance to nine SMEs, including four public sector installations of El Salvador (2006-2009).
    • Workshop for feedback from consultants working with SMEs in El Salvador, who participated in training events given by BUN-CA in collaboration with local entities. June 2009.
    • Workshop on energy efficiency and best practices in SMEs for the technical staff of the Export Stimulus Fund of the Ministry of Economy of El Salvador (FOEX), El Salvador. June 2009.
    • Workshop for feedback from university docents. UCA, El Salvador. November 2009.
    • Workshop on Strengthening Energy Efficiency for SMEs, El Salvador. June 2009.
    • Workshop on Energy Efficiency in the Hotel Industry, El Salvador. 2009.
    • Training on Best Practices in Hotels, El Salvador. 2010.

2.2.3 Nicaragua

  • Implemented a Training Program aimed at consultants of SMEs:
    • I Workshop on “Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium-size Industry of Nicaragua”: 15 people trained in EE, focusing on the identification of Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECO) in technologies for lighting, air-conditioning, refrigeration and electric motors, where six SMEs have their energy assessments as a pilot experience. June 2007.
    • II Workshop on “Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium-size Industry of Nicaragua”: 20 people trained in EE with an emphasis on the identification of ECO in refrigeration technology, where four SMEs have their energy assessments as a pilot experience. September 2008.

  • Raised awareness on the topic of Energy Efficiency with 20 union members of the Chamber of Industries of Nicaragua (CADIN). March 2007.

  • II Workshop on “Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium-size Industry of Nicaragua”. INPYME, Nicaragua. September 2008.

  • Workshop on “Training for engineering firms and electricity macro-consumer businesses of Nicaragua”. May 2009.

  • Workshop on “Introduction Energy Efficiency in Nicaragua”. Bluefields, Nicaragua. August 2009.

  • Workshop on “Energy Efficiency for the technical staff of blueEnergy”. Bluefields, Nicaragua. August 2009.

  • Workshop on “Training in Energy Efficiency for owners of Small and Medium-size Enterprises of León”. BUN-CA, INPYME and the Instituto Politécnico La Salle in León. October 2009.

  • Execution of the Technical Workshop “Rate Sheet”, Managua, Nicaragua. 2009.

  • Workshops for technical training in “Energy efficiency in hotels” of Nicaragua. Estelí and Managua. November 2009.

  • Workshop “Energy efficiency for tour businesses of Nueva Segovia”, Nicaragua, February 2010.

  • Workshop on “Feedback from university docents of Nicaragua”. April 2010.

2.2.4 Costa Rica

  • “National Workshop to Present the BUN-CA/INTECO Standards”, with the participation of 58 actors in key locales of the public and private sector and equipment providers. San José, Costa Rica. July 2008.

  • Workshop on “Evaluation of financing needs for applying mitigation measures in Costa Rica”. June 2009.

  • Workshop on “Training in Renewable Energy for hoteliers of La Fortuna”, Costa Rica. La Fortuna de San Carlos. July 2009.

  • Workshop on “Feedback from University Docents”. ITCR/BUN-CA. May 2010.

  • Supervision of the Demonstration Project for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at ITCR, with a field day on Environmental Sustainability in Slaughterhouses and Dairies”,   San Carlos, Costa Rica, June 2010.

  • Technical experience exchanges with Bhutan (Asia) and Benin (Africa) on efficient technologies and the application of measures for efficient electrical energy use. February and May 2010.

2.2.5 Panama

  • 25 policy and standardization officials have strengthened their knowledge on standardization and labeling at the EE Meeting on “Standardization Alternatives” in Panama given by CONUEE of Mexico. June 2008.

2.3 Portfolio of Projects

The training component includes the strengthening of a portfolio of demonstration projects for the Program, which monitors and offers follow-up on the innovative initiatives of macro-consumer businesses and SMEs of the industrial and commercial sectors that have begun implementation of energy conservation opportunities (ECO), particularly the group of small hotels in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and El Salvador in the context of the PEEST Project, co-financed by the HIVOS Foundation.

The basic aspects that are monitored are: quantity of projects, the investment that is required for the implementation of the ECOs, the energy savings, energy demand savings, savings in dollars, and the reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. To wit, actions with the SMEs have been strengthened as follows:

  • Prepared BUN-CA’s Regional Strategy for SMEs (regional level for 2006-2010) and updated it for the 2009-2011 period. BUN-CA.

  • Working breakfast “Conversation on Energy Efficiency in Small Hotels of Nicaragua. February 2009.

  • Systematization of the Training Program “Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium-size Industry”. La Fortuna, Costa Rica. March 2009.

  • Workshop “Energy Efficiency and Best Practices in the Small Hotels of Nicaragua”. Managua and Estelí. May 2009.

Table 3 shows the BUN-CA/PEER portfolio of projects to July 2010 where technical assistance was offered to businesses, energy assessments were made and opportunities for improvement in their electrical equipment and best practices for efficient electrical energy use were identified:

Table 3: Portfolio of BUN-CA/PEER Projects to July 2010

MAIN RESULTS OF THE TRAINING COMPONENT

  • Strengthened the capacities of public officials from the Ministries of Energy and the national entities in charge of standardization and labeling.
    • 644 public officials trained during the preparatory phase, the implementation of PEER and the work carried out in coordination with the Central American Commission for Environment and Development (CCAD), thanks to co-financing from USAID in the area of standardization.

  • Engineering firms now have the capacity to analyze projects for energy efficiency in the industrial and commercial sectors:
    • 300 engineering firms with training.
    • 829 technicians trained on EE during the implementation of PEER and while working in coordination with MOTIVA in Panama.
    • 185 financial agents received training, having combined efforts with the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), the ARECA Investment Fund and AEA/Finland International Cooperation.
    • 5 financial entities of the region allocated funds for investments in EE (E+CO, CAREC, ARECA, FOEX/BMI).

  • Trained 12 university docents that teach electrical engineering, mechanics, chemistry and electro-mechanics in the Region through the “Training Trainers in Energy Efficiency” Program.

  • Developed a regional portfolio of demonstration projects.

  • An EE market for SMEs has been activated in El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua.
    • 46 people from SMEs trained and 22 SMEs have their energy assessments.
    • 819 people from SMEs/small hotels trained with collaboration from HIVOS of Holland.
  1. DISSEMINATION COMPONENT

This Component has created an information platform and made it available to all actors involved in the Regional Strategy for Energy Efficiency. Its main results are:

3.1 Dissemination of Information

  • Prepared seven case studies for the dissemination of the successful business experiences in implementing EE measures. The studies prepared are:
Case Study Prepared
Country
Year
Indicator / Prodoc
Energy efficiency in Hotels: Costa Rica Experience
Costa Rica
2006
8
Hotel Club de Mar
Costa Rica
Technological University of Panamá
Panama
2007
Hotel San Bosco, La Fortuna, CR
Costa Rica
ALPAN, Guide to Best Practices
Panama
2008
Embutidos Kiener
Panama
FOGEL de Central America S.A
Guatemala
Hotel Frontera
Nicaragua
2009
Chamber of Industries of Nicaragua (CADIN)
Nicaragua
ITCR Slaughterhouse
Costa Rica
2010.
Hotel Arbol de Fuego
El Salvador
  • Strengthened the dissemination of information on EE in the Central America region and internationally through the BUN-CA/PEER Web site and an Electronic Bulletin that is distributed to contacts in the database: 2200 in Spanish and 168 in English.

  • Supported the design, publication and dissemination of the “Energy Efficiency Policy Strategy for the Electrical Sector of Central America and the Dominican Republic”.

  • Prepared four technical manuals and four packets of best practices for EE in technologies for:

Table 4. List of manuals and packets

Manuals (in process)
Packets (print)
Electric Motors Electric Motors
Efficient Lighting Efficient Lighting
Air-conditioners Air-conditioners
Commercial Refrigeration Commercial Refrigeration
  • Created new sources of information on the subjects of Standardization and Financing in Energy Efficiency with the publication of:
    • Financing EE Projects in Central America”.
    • Introduction to Standardization and Labeling for EE in Central America”.

  • Market studies on electrical equipment in Central America:
    • Air-conditioners and Electric Motors.
    • Lighting Systems.

  • Preparation of a CD with the following technical information:
    • Policy Strategy on Energy Efficiency for the Electrical Sector in Central America and the Dominican Republic.
    • Introduction to Standardization and Labeling for Energy Efficiency in Central America.
    • Financing Energy Efficiency Projects in Central America.
    • 4 Technical Manuals and Packets on Best Practices in Energy Efficiency for air-conditioners, commercial refrigeration, lighting and electric motor technologies.
    • Case studies of successful experiences with energy efficiency.
    • “Training Trainers in Energy Efficiency” Program.
    • Course for “Engineering Firms” in Costa Rica and El Salvador.
    • Program on “Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium-size Industry (SMEs)”.
    • Guide for the development of Energy Assessments.
    • Calculation of CO2 emissions reductions.
    • Market studies.

  • A “Reference List of EE Professionals in CA” prepared and available on-line. March 2010.

  • Comparative Analysis of Barriers to Small-scale Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Benin, Bhutan and Costa Rica. 2010.

  • Prepared 99 press releases for print and digital communications media in Costa Rica and Central America.

Inter-Institutional Coordination

Over the course of these five years of work in the region, relationships have been established and maintained with different institutions involved in activating markets in energy efficiency.

Two kinds of institutions are distinguished: ones that are key actors, which facilitate the implementation of activities at country and regional levels; and others that we work with directly and have signed agreements for collaboration. Table 5 lists the key actors and institutions with which BUN-CA/PEER has signed agreements:

Table 5. Key institutions in the Region

Country
Institution
Regional
  • Central American Integration System (Sistema de Integración Centroamericana - SICA)
  • Central American Commission for Environment and Development (Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo - SICA-CCAD)
  • Humanist Institute (HIVOS Foundation)
  • Central American Economic Integration Bank (Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica - BCIE)
  • Rainforest Alliance
  • E+Co/LAC
Country
Institution
El Salvador
  • National Council for Science and Technology (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología - CONACYT)-1-
  • Salvadoran Industrialists Association (Asociación Salvadoreña de Industriales - ASI)-1-
  • Small Hotels Association of El Salvador (Asociación de Pequeños Hoteles de El Salvador)-1-
  • Central American University (Universidad Centroamericana - UCA)-1-
  • Electric Energy Directorate (Dirección de Energía Eléctrica - DEE)
  • Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales - MARN)
  • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
Nicaragua
  • Chamber of Industry of Nicaragua (Cámara de Industria de Nicaragua - CADIN)-1-
  • Cleaner Production Center (Centro de Producción más Limpia - CP+L)-1-
  • Small Hotels Association of Nicaragua (Asociación de Pequeños Hoteles de Nicaragua  -HOPEN)-1-
  • Nicaraguan Institute for Small and Medium-size Enterprise (Instituto Nicaragüense de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa - INPYME)-1-
  • La Salle Institute (Instituto Pedagógico La Salle, León)-1-
  • Ministry of Energy and Mines (Ministerio de Energía y Minas - MEM)
  • Ministry of Development, Industry and Commerce (Ministerio de Fomento, Industria y Comercio - MIFIC)
  • Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales - MARENA)
  • Nicaraguan Tourism Institute (Instituto Nicaragüense de Turismo - INTUR)
  • Chamber of Commerce of Nicaragua (Cámara de Comercio de Nicaragua - CACONIC)
  • Nicaraguan Chamber of Small and Medium-size Tourism Industries (Cámara Nicaragüense de la Pequeña y Mediana Industria Turística - CANTUR)
  • Service and equipment providers: SINTER, SIEMENS, SINSA, Multiconsult, Caupolican.
  • Financial entities: BANPRO, ASOMIF
  • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
Costa Rica
  • Technical Standards Institute of Costa Rica (Instituto de Normas Técnicas de Costa Rica - INTECO)-1-
  • Technological Institute of Costa Rica (Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica - ITCR)-1-
  • Chamber of Industries of Costa Rica (Cámara de Industrias de Costa Rica - CICR)-1-
  • Ministry of the Environment, Energy and Telecommunications (Ministerio de Ambiente, Energía y Telecomunicaciones - MINAET)
  • Sectoral Energy Directorate (Dirección Sectorial de Energía - DSE)
  • Efficiency Energy Laboratory of the Costa Rican Electricity Institute (Laboratorio de Eficiencia Energética del Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad)
  • FundeCooperación for Sustainable Development
Panama
  • Technological University of Panama (Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá - UTP)-1-
  • National Energy Secretariat (Secretaria Nacional de Energía - SNE)
  • General Director of Industrial Standards and Technology (Director General de Normas y Tecnología Industrial - DGNTI).
  • Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Ministerio de Comercio e Industria - MICI)
  • Panamanian Association APAYRE
  • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
Honduras
  • Secretariat of Energy and Natural Resources (Secretaria de Energía y Recursos Naturales - SERNA)
  • Honduran Association of Small Renewable Energy Producers (Asociación Hondureña de Pequeños Productores de Energía Renovable (APHER)
  • Honduran Standardization Body (Organismo Hondureño de Normalización - OHN)
  • Central American Economic Integration Bank (Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica - BCIE)
  • Zamorano University
  • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
Guatemala
  • Ministry of Energy and Mines (Ministerio de Energía y Minas - MEM)
  • Association of Renewable Energy Generators (Asociación de Generados con Energía Renovable - AGER)
  • United Nations Development  Program (UNDP)
Mexico
  • Energy Trust (Fideicomiso de Energía - FIDE)-1-
  • Secretariat of Energy of Mexico (Secretaría de Energía de México - SENER)
  • National Commission for Energy Savings (Comisión Nacional para el Ahorro de Energía - CONAE)
  • Standardization and Certification Association (Asociación de Normalización y Certificación - ANCE)
  • Manufacturers of electrical equipment
  • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)

-1- There is a signed Cooperative Agreement with this entity.

Acknowledgements

We are especially grateful to the co-funders of the PEER Initiative:

  • Global Environment Facility (GEF).
  • United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and its national offices in El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico.
  • Central American Commission for Environment and Development (CCAD).
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
  • Central American Integration System (SICA)
  • Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP).
  • Ministry of Territorial Planning and the Environment of Holland (VROM).
  • HIVOS.
  • FUNDECOOPERACION.
  • Bi-national cooperation mechanisms: Costa Rica-Bhutan-Benin.
  • Energy and Environment Alliance with Central America (Alianza en Energía y Ambiente con Central America - AEA).
  • E+Co.
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL).
  • CLASP.
  • MOTIVA (Finland).